What should you know about blood pressure?

What should you know about blood pressure?

The circulatory system is responsible for supplying the body with oxygen. Blood pressure is the pressure with which blood affects the arterial walls. The value of systolic pressure (upper / higher value) corresponds to the blood pressure generated as a result of myocardial contraction. The value of the diastolic pressure (lower / lower value) corresponds to the blood pressure generated as a result of the relaxation of the myocardium. 

The blood circulation

The circulatory system is responsible for supplying the body with oxygen. Blood pressure is the pressure with which blood affects the arterial walls. The value of systolic pressure (upper / higher value) corresponds to the blood pressure generated as a result of myocardial contraction. The value of the diastolic pressure (lower / lower value) corresponds to the blood pressure generated as a result of the relaxation of the myocardium.

What is the blood pressure?


Blood pressure is the force with which blood flow affects the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure changes during the heart cycle. The highest pressure in the cycle is called  CRYSTAL BLOOD PRESSURE (SYSTOLIC).  The lowest one is called  BLOOD PRESSURE BLOOD (DIASTOLIC). The measurement of both these values ​​is essential for the doctor to be able to assess the patient's blood pressure. Many factors affect your blood pressure, such as physical activity, anxiety or time of day. It changes constantly throughout the day. It quickly rises in the early morning and decreases before noon, then it increases again in the afternoon and finally falls to a low level at night. It can also change at short intervals. Therefore, the results of subsequent measurements may be different. The graph below illustrates pressure variations within 24 hours when measurements are made every 5 minutes. A thick line represents a dream. Pressure jumps at 16 (A) and 24 (B) correspond to an attack of pain and sexual activity.

Blood pressure and health?


The incidence of hypertension increases with age. In addition, lack of exercise, excessive accumulation of fat in the body and elevated cholesterol (LDL), which adheres to the walls of the blood vessels, contribute to the reduction of the elasticity of these vessels. Hypertension also accelerates arteriosclerosis, which in turn can lead to serious conditions such as stroke or heart attack. For these reasons, it is extremely important to regularly measure your blood pressure. Blood pressure varies from minute to minute throughout the day. Therefore, it is important to regularly check its value to determine its average value.

Why is it important to measure blood pressure at home?


The measurement of blood pressure in a doctor's office gives only a temporary value. Regularly repeated measurements at home allow to determine the actual blood pressure in the conditions in which the patient resides on a daily basis.Moreover, patients often have different pressure measured at home, because they are more relaxed than in the doctor's office. Regular measurements at home give the doctor valuable information about the pressure of the patient under normal conditions.

 

User information - Measurement tips
To avoid confusing results, do not measure the pressure in the following situations:

 

                                                 Do not perform a measurement immediately.                                                                 Do not carry out the measurement immediately

   after eating or drinking                                                                                         after drinking tea, coffee or smoking

   

         Do not take measurements immediately.                                                                  Do not take measurements  during a call

     after bathing or moving your fingers                                                                                                             

 

 

     Do not take a measurement in a very cold place.                                       Do not take a measurement  when you want to urinate

 

 


What is Arrhythmia?


The heart acts like a pump that pumps blood through its chambers. Blood is pumped through muscle contractions followed in a strictly controlled order. The process is controlled by bunches of cells that control the electrical activity of the heart. If this sequence is disrupted, cardiac arrhythmia (arrhythmia) occurs. They reduce the efficiency of pumping blood. Most arrhythmias are transient and mild. Most often, the heart drops from one stroke periodically or there are additional blows. Such occasional disorders may be caused by strong emotions or intense physical activity. However, some types of arrhythmias can be life-threatening and require treatment.

 

symptoms


General symptoms of arrhythmia: palpitations or sudden sudden heart beat, tiredness or dizziness, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath and chest pain. Symptoms of bradycardia: tiredness, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting. Symptoms of tachycardia: feeling the heart beat as a strong pulse in the neck, flutter, fast chest strokes, malaise, weakness, shortness of breath, fainting, sweating, dizziness.


Additional information

Blood pressure assessment in adults W / g World Health Organization - WHO The following blood pressure standards (without considering age and gender) can be treated as general guidelines. It must be remembered that the values ​​given here may be influenced by other factors, such as diabetes, obesity, smoking, etc. In order to properly evaluate the results, consult a physician.

In the world of medicine, the standard blood pressure table recommended by the WHO World Health Organization is used. The norms given in it are independent of age.
Note 1: The World Health Organization has not defined the minimum pressure. 
Note 2: As blood pressure increases with age, the standard is only of auxiliary character - information for a specific age range.

 

 

Symptoms and causes of elevated blood pressure

 

 

Elevated blood pressure may go unnoticed for a long period of time because it does not cause noticeable symptoms. All the factors listed below are possible causes of elevated blood pressure. These include:
· Obesity
· High cholesterol
· Smoking
· Alcohol abuse
· Stress and nervousness
· Salt abuse
· Lack of movement
· Genetic / inheritance predisposition

Basic diseases such as kidney disease or endocrine disorders

 

 

Treatment of high blood pressure

 

 

If blood pressure is reached during repeated repeated measurements over several days, the following values ​​- the upper between 140-160 mmHg and the lower one between 90-95 mmHg, should be consulted to perform a thorough examination. The treatment recommended by the attending physician can be helped by taking the following measures:
· Lowering your body weight and cholesterol level
· By reducing your alcohol intake
· By reducing your salt intake
· By quitting smoking
· Taking regular
blood pressure monitoring your blood pressure




Zapisz się na newsletter ...i zyskaj kupon na 10 % na pierwsze zakupy!.